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---
lang: en
description: Presentation of ISIDORE, the search engine for publications, digital data and profiles of researchers in the humanities and social sciences from around the world.
description: Presentation of ISIDORE, the search engine for discovering publications, digital data and profiles of researchers in the domain of social sciences and humanities from around the world.
---
# ISIDORE
## What is ISIDORE?
ISIDORE is a search engine for discovering and finding publications, digital data and profiles of researchers in the humanities and social sciences (SHS) from around the world.
ISIDORE is a search engine for discovering and finding publications, digital data and profiles of researchers in the social sciences and humanities (SSH) from around the world.
It allows searching the full text of several million documents (articles, theses and dissertations, reports, datasets, web pages, database records, descriptions of archival holdings, etc.), event reports (seminars, conferences, etc.). In addition, ISIDORE links these millions of documents together by enriching them with scientific concepts from the work of the SHS research communities.
It allows searching the full text of several million documents (articles, theses and dissertations, reports, datasets, web pages, database records, descriptions of archival holdings, etc.), event reports (seminars, conferences, etc.). In addition, ISIDORE links these millions of documents together by enriching them with scientific concepts from the work of the SSH research communities.
It is accessible on the Web on the portal [isidore.science](https://isidore.science).
It is accessible on the Web through the portal [isidore.science](https://isidore.science).
It also offers scientific social network functionalities. As such, it falls into the category of search engines and assistants and offers many features to organize scientific monitoring.
......@@ -25,13 +25,13 @@ References on the history of ISIDORE :
## How does ISIDORE work?
ISIDORE harvests textual and full text metadata, enriches them and then indexes them. It exploits the metadata of the documents as well as the full text, the goal is to analyze this information in order to enrich them, to link them to the concepts of the scientific repositories (thesaurus, etc.), to link them to the authors' identifiers (ORCID, IDRef, IDHAL, VIAF, etc.).
ISIDORE harvests textual metadata and full text, enriches them and then indexes them. It exploits the metadata of the documents as well as the full text, the goal is to analyze this information in order to enrich them, to link them to the concepts of the scientific vocabularies (thesaurus, etc.), to link them to the authors' identifiers (ORCID, IDRef, IDHAL, VIAF, etc.).
Several enrichments are performed:
- Semantic annotation: the words present in the metadata of the documents are compared to the entries of the repositories through an algorithm based on a morphological analysis of the terms. If an equivalence is found between a term from the document and an entry in one of the repositories, then the resource will be linked to that repository entry. The repositories are multilingual and aligned with each other. Thus, the semantic annotation is multilingual.
- Semantic annotation: the words present in the metadata of the documents are compared to the entries of the vocabularies through an algorithm based on a morphological analysis of the terms. If an equivalence is found between a term from the document and an entry in one of the vocabularies, then the resource will be linked to that vocabulary entry. The vocabularies are multilingual and aligned with each other. Thus, the semantic annotation is multilingual.
- Disciplinary categorization: ISIDORE uses a semantic classifier that, after being trained on a reference corpus, categorizes all documents in ISIDORE into the SHS disciplines of the MORESS repository. The training of the classifier is realized with the help of the manual categorization realized by the researchers in HAL during the deposit of their publications.
- Disciplinary categorization: ISIDORE uses a semantic classifier that, after being trained on a reference corpus, categorizes all documents in ISIDORE into the SSH disciplines of the MORESS repository. The training of the classifier is realized with the help of the manual categorization realized by the researchers in HAL during the deposit of their publications.
- The detection of the authors: ISIDORE detects the authors of the documents and enriches the author form (first name and last name) with the help of international (ORCID, VIAF, ISNI) and national (IDHAL, IDRef) author identifiers.
......@@ -43,13 +43,13 @@ ISIDORE indexes, in its search engine:
- Disciplinary classification;
- Author enrichment and normalization.
More information is available on [the "Repositories" page](https://isidore.science/vocabularies) of ISIDORE.
More information is available on [the "Vocabularies" page](https://isidore.science/vocabularies) of ISIDORE.
### Can ISIDORE index multilingual documents and data?
Yes. Since 2015, documents and datasets in English, Spanish
and French are indexed, enriched and linked to scientific repositories by ISIDORE (metadata and full text). For full text outside these three languages, it is indexed in the language of the document but enrichment does not take place.
For more information, you can consult our post on the subject: [Isidore speaks English, sino también español et toujours en français](https://humanum.hypotheses.org/921).
and French are indexed, enriched and linked to scientific repositories by ISIDORE (metadata and full text). For full text outside these three languages, it is indexed in the language of the document but in that cas no enrichment is done.
For more information, you can consult our blog post on the subject: [Isidore speaks English, sino también español et toujours en français](https://humanum.hypotheses.org/921).
### How often is ISIDORE updated?
......@@ -60,8 +60,8 @@ scientific repositories (thesaurus, taxonomy, etc.). This semantic enrichment wo
automatic and allows us to offer you reading suggestions. It
is to help you discover documents other than those you were
you were looking for. This requires a certain amount of processing and calculation time.
The updates of the documents concerning you, which will be thus proposed to you in your
proposed in your user account as documents to be claimed, will also follow
The updates of the documents concerning you, which will be thus proposed
in your user account as documents to be claimed, will also follow
will also follow this monthly update rhythm.
## How to use ISIDORE?
......@@ -89,7 +89,7 @@ ISIDORE, they are always in UPPERCASE (e.g. AND):
- AND: the intersection allows to find the terms (or set of terms) common to the query.
of terms) common to the query. For example:
- consciousness AND gender
- cold war" AND migration
- "cold war" AND migration
- OR: the union allows to find the searched terms
belonging to both sets of terms, or to one or the other.
For example:
......@@ -109,18 +109,18 @@ ISIDORE, they are always in UPPERCASE (e.g. AND):
#### Sorting of search results
By default, in [isidore.science](https://isidore.science), it is proposed to sort the results by semantic relevance. It is possible to change the sorting of the search results to :
By default, in [isidore.science](https://isidore.science), it is proposed to sort the results by semantic relevance. It is possible to change the sorting of the search results to:
- a sorting by novelty
- sorting by novelty
- sorting by author's name in alphabetical order
- sorting by author's name in reverse alphabetical order
- sort by ascending date
- a sorting by decreasing date
- sorting by decreasing date
Very soon, will be available again :
Very soon, will be available again:
- a sorting on the title by alphabetical order
- a sorting on the title by inverted alphabetical order
- sorting on the title by alphabetical order
- sorting on the title by inverted alphabetical order
### The advanced search
......@@ -129,7 +129,7 @@ the first page of the [portal](https://isidore.science/as).
### The personal space for researchers
Isidore.science offers a personal space for researchers allowing them to :
Isidore.science offers a personal space for researchers allowing them to:
- to collect, classify and organize the documents found ;
- to gather all their scientific production in order to edit it in a personal profile page;
......@@ -148,7 +148,7 @@ The [isidore.science API] web page (https://api.isidore.science) details all the
### Enriched metadata for *Linked Open Data*.
ISIDORE's metadata, ontologies and repositories are available in a triplet repository [RDF (Resource Description Framework) or *TripleStore*](https://fr.wikipedia.org/wiki/Resource_Description_Framework), thus placing ISIDORE data in the *Linked Open Data*. A web interface for querying using the SPARQL language and browsing the ISIDORE graph is available via :
ISIDORE's metadata, ontologies and vocabularies are available in a triplet repository [RDF (Resource Description Framework) or *TripleStore*](https://fr.wikipedia.org/wiki/Resource_Description_Framework), thus placing ISIDORE data in the *Linked Open Data*. A web interface for querying using the SPARQL language and browsing the ISIDORE graph is available via :
- A documented SPARQL query interface and presentation of the ISIDORE data model: https://isidore.science/sqe
- The basic Virtuoso software interface: https://isidore.science/sparql
......@@ -181,7 +181,7 @@ ISIDORE is compatible with Zotero and allows to import the references of documen
Zotero (Linux, MacOS, Windows client) allows to use search engines to search or complete bibliographic references directly from the Zotero interface. We propose here two ISIDORE connectors for Zotero allowing to use ISIDORE from author search.
Adding ISIDORE to Zotero allows :
Adding ISIDORE to Zotero allows:
- To complete references from a search on the author's name: this is the "ISIDORE, help me find what he/she has published."
- To find documents in which the author is cited: this is the "ISIDORE, what do you have on the author?"
......@@ -194,7 +194,7 @@ ISIDORE can propose its research results in the form of RSS feeds in order to fe
To do so, you have to ask ISIDORE --- in your personal space in
the link to the RSS feed of a registered query by
going, once in your personal space, to "My queries" :
going, once in your personal space, to "My queries":
![My Image](media/isidore.png)
......@@ -225,7 +225,7 @@ Then you have to give a title to your feed, for example :
### Organization of documents and data in ISIDORE
ISIDORE contains several million documents in SHS that are harvested, enriched with scientific references and indexed. They are organized in :
ISIDORE contains several million documents in SSH that are harvested, enriched with scientific references and indexed. They are organized in :
- Research documents and data (archives, raw materials, photographs, films, datasets, statistics, etc.) and are identified in the ISIDORE ontology by: http://isidore.science/class/primaires
- Published documents and data (articles, books, dissertations and theses, reports, etc.) and are identified in the ISIDORE ontology by: http://isidore.science/class/secondaires
......@@ -237,7 +237,7 @@ municipal libraries.
For advanced search uses, the [ISIDORE advanced search](https://isidore.science/as) offers, for example, the possibility to
the possibility of searching for documents between two dates and by discipline or by collections.
The main publication platforms (journals and books) present in ISIDORE are
The main publication platforms (journals and books) present in ISIDORE are:
- OpenEdition
- Cairn
......@@ -247,7 +247,7 @@ The main publication platforms (journals and books) present in ISIDORE are
- Redalyc
- Scielo Books
The complete list of collections containing publications can be obtained by querying [the ISIDORE 3store](https://isidore.science/sqe) with the [following] SPARQL(https://isidore.science/sparql?query=SELECT+*+WHERE+%7B%0D%0A%3Fs+rdf%3Atype+%3Chttp%3A%2F%2Fisidore. science%2Fclass%2FCollection%3E.%0D%0A%3Fs+rdf%3Atype+%3Chttp%3A%2F%2Fisidore.science%2Fclass%2Fpublications%3E. %0D%0A%3Fs+dcterms%3Atitle+%3Ftitre%0D%0A%7D+ORDER+BY+ASC%28%3Ftitre%29&format=text%2Fhtml&debug=on&timeout=0) :
The complete list of collections containing publications can be obtained by querying [the ISIDORE Triple Store](https://isidore.science/sqe) with the [following] SPARQL(https://isidore.science/sparql?query=SELECT+*+WHERE+%7B%0D%0A%3Fs+rdf%3Atype+%3Chttp%3A%2F%2Fisidore. science%2Fclass%2FCollection%3E.%0D%0A%3Fs+rdf%3Atype+%3Chttp%3A%2F%2Fisidore.science%2Fclass%2Fpublications%3E. %0D%0A%3Fs+dcterms%3Atitle+%3Ftitre%0D%0A%7D+ORDER+BY+ASC%28%3Ftitre%29&format=text%2Fhtml&debug=on&timeout=0) :
```
SELECT * WHERE {
......@@ -256,7 +256,7 @@ SELECT * WHERE {
?s dcterms:title ?title
} ORDER BY ASC(?title)
```
The main digital libraries (municipal, national, etc.) present in ISIDORE are :
The main digital libraries (municipal, national, etc.) present in ISIDORE are:
- Gallica
- Selene
......@@ -270,7 +270,7 @@ The main digital libraries (municipal, national, etc.) present in ISIDORE are :
- Cornell
- Didόmena
The complete list of collections containing archival holdings and book collections can be obtained by querying [the ISIDORE 3store](https://isidore.science/sqe) with the [following] SPARQL(https://isidore.science/sparql/? default-graph-uri=&query=SELECT+*+WHERE+%7B%0D%0A%3Fs+rdf%3Atype+%3Chttp%3A%2F%2Fisidore.science%2Fclass%2FCollection%3E.%0D%0A%3Fs+rdf%3Atype+%3Chttp%3A%2F%2Fisidore. science%2Fclass%2Fprimaires%3E.%0D%0A%3Fs+dcterms%3Atitle+%3Ftitre%0D%0A%7D+ORDER+BY+ASC%28%3Ftitre%29&format=text%2Fhtml&timeout=0&debug=on) :
The complete list of collections containing archival holdings and book collections can be obtained by querying [the ISIDORE Triple Store](https://isidore.science/sqe) with the [following] SPARQL(https://isidore.science/sparql/? default-graph-uri=&query=SELECT+*+WHERE+%7B%0D%0A%3Fs+rdf%3Atype+%3Chttp%3A%2F%2Fisidore.science%2Fclass%2FCollection%3E.%0D%0A%3Fs+rdf%3Atype+%3Chttp%3A%2F%2Fisidore. science%2Fclass%2Fprimaires%3E.%0D%0A%3Fs+dcterms%3Atitle+%3Ftitre%0D%0A%7D+ORDER+BY+ASC%28%3Ftitre%29&format=text%2Fhtml&timeout=0&debug=on) :
```
SELECT * WHERE {
......@@ -282,7 +282,7 @@ SELECT * WHERE {
### Indexing of the main data platforms in SHS
ISIDORE harvests, as it is called, and indexes the contents of many SHS data platforms allowing researchers to group all their data in their user profile. We encourage researchers, for their research programs, to use platforms offering open interoperability devices and protocols allowing to present documentary and scientific metadata.
ISIDORE harvests, as it is called, and indexes the contents of many SSH data platforms allowing researchers to group all their data in their user profile. We encourage researchers, for their research programs, to use platforms offering open interoperability devices and protocols allowing to present documentary and scientific metadata.
The main data platforms (sources, archives but also publications) are harvested by ISIDORE.
......@@ -300,7 +300,7 @@ Please feel free to report any of these to us.
#### Can data deposited and documented in NAKALA be referenced by ISIDORE?
Yes, data deposited and documented in NAKALA can be
accessible in ISIDORE. NAKALA offers as standard the [OAI-PMH] interoperability protocol (https://fr.wikipedia.org/wiki/Open_Archives_Initiative_Protocol_for_Metadata_Harvesting) which allows for the harvesting of document metadata, and therefore
accessible in ISIDORE. NAKALA offers as standard the [OAI-PMH] interoperability protocol (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Open_Archives_Initiative_Protocol_for_Metadata_Harvesting) which allows for the harvesting of document metadata, and therefore
to reference, enrich and index them by ISIDORE.
However, referencing by OAI-PMH harvesting is not
......@@ -700,7 +700,7 @@ ISIDORE](https://isidore.science) will be allowed, but not its
full text indexing.
Finally, it is possible that some of your articles are published in
journals that are not classified in SHS.
journals that are not classified in SSH.
In all these cases, you can deposit your articles in an
open archive like HAL (HAL-SHS in particular) which is also indexed by
......
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